词汇 | 无聊的时候,不如去吃日料?

生鱼片可别错叫成cold fish啦。

日本料理的核心在于本真,“少油低盐”,“生食,凉拌,蒸煮”代替“煎炒烹炸”,讲究一个“鲜”字,自然新鲜的食材,原汁原味,分量适中,美食美器。用最简单的烹饪方法最大还原食材最原始的味道,这就是日料在全球各地都广受欢迎的重要原因了。

下面小编就带大家学习一下如何用英文来介绍日料吧!

Cooking culture introduces Japan 日本饮食文化介绍

Mention food and drink , be that food , vegetable , fish and flesh are that Japanesque non-staple food meal burns, and the Western Europe Chinese meal popularizes also very much like not only give first place to rice, before Japan can sample to rich various meal food. Japan is a very rich countries of high grade water resource , hygiene facilities improves and perfects also very much , drinks therefore running water is in any Japanese place being able to. Modern Japan culture is furthermore colorful. Girls are in the culture studying time-honoured Japan tradition, if sado , the ikebana simultaneous, also jump disco. The scene bordering but building the browse downtown area , antiquited temple and tower is not strange. Therefore modern Japan culture is antiquited have been tied in wedlock.

说到饮食,不仅是以大米为主食、蔬菜、鱼与肉为副食的日本式餐点,而且西欧中国餐点一般也很普及,在日本可以品尝到丰富多样的餐食。日本是一个优质水资源非常丰富的国家,卫生设施也很完善,所以自来水在日本的任何地方都可以饮用。现代的日本文化更是多彩多姿。女孩子们在学习自古以来的日本传统文化,如茶道、花道的同时,也跳迪斯科。观览市区、古老寺院和高层建筑相邻而建的情景并不稀奇。故而现代的日本文化是结合了古老的、新兴的、西洋的和东洋的文化而形成。

That Japanese loves the birthday department who raw fish is used for food , is covering up with sashimi as a result commonly is the most popular Japan in the homeland food. The Japanese cuisine is particular about the plain taste keeping food very much , does not encourage have added a condiment, use delicate give first place to. The color to cooked food has the very good request especially face to face, not only using all kinds of form , arrangement , colour collocation that the very delicate vessel does load food, to food to have very exquisite thinking also. Be taking a look on that is so meticulous that the day style being just like landscape painting-like takes care of , sometimes cannot bear to destroy that share for the first time to Japanese visitor beautiful.

日本人普遍爱食用生鱼,因而盖着生鱼片的寿司是日本国内最流行的食物。日本料理非常讲究保持食物的原味,不提倡加入过多调料,以清淡为主。对菜肴的色面尤其有着很高的要求,不但使用各式各样非常精致的盛器来装食物,对食物的形状、排列、颜色搭配也都有很细腻的考虑。看着那一道道精细得有如风景画一般的日式料理,初到日本的游客往往不忍破坏那份美丽。

常见日料菜品的英文表达

一、寿司类

寿司一般有握寿司(Nigiri)和寿司卷(roll),握寿司是将醋饭与生鱼片(sashimi/raw fish)、海鲜或其他材料一起用巧手捏塑而成的寿司;寿司卷则使用竹帘把饭、海苔、小黄瓜、虾或其他生鱼以及其他的材料等一起卷起做成。包括了hand roll手卷,california roll加州卷,Makimono roll 细卷。

Salmon Nigiri 三文鱼握寿司
Tuna Nigiri 吞拿握寿司
Yellowtail Nigiri 黄尾鱼握寿司
Uni Nigiri 海胆握寿司
Scallop Nigiri 干贝握寿司
Shrimp Nigiri 熟虾握寿司
Eel Nigiri 鳗鱼握寿司
Albacore Nigiri 青花鱼握寿司
虾手卷 shrimp hand roll
吞拿手卷 tuna hand roll
虾籽手卷 shrimp roe hand roll
三文鱼籽手卷 salmon roe hand roll
鰻魚手卷 eel hand roll
黄瓜卷 Cucumber roll 
鳗鱼卷 Eel roll
辣吞拿卷 spicy tuna roll 
吞拿卷 tuna toll
蔬菜卷 vegetable roll
牛油果卷 avocado roll

二、生鱼片类

Salmon 三文鱼
Tuna 吞拿
Halibut 大比目鱼
Octopus 章鱼
Shrimp 虾
Crab 蟹
Lobster 龙虾
sea urchin sashimi 海胆
Albacore 青花鱼
Scallop 干贝
Red Snapper 紅雕
Red clam/surf clam 赤贝肉

三、面条类

日式料理的面大概分成几种:拉面 Ramen,乌冬面Udon, 西面Soba.

煮法简单的可以大致分为汤面Noodle Soup和炒Yaki.

拉面:

汤底的种类有:盐味Shio, 豚骨Tonkotsu,酱油Shoyu,味噌Miso, 辣Spicy Red, 地狱(非常辣)Jigoku,葱烧Negi, 奶油(白)Shrio(white)。再加上:昆布(海带)Kelp, 柴鱼 Skipjack tuna flakes,小鱼干 Dried baby sardines,香菇 Shiitake。而面上的料有叉烧cha shu, 玉米corn, 葱Scallion,豆芽菜sprouts,海苔干片nori,鱼板kamaboko,角煮(类似东坡肉的肉)kakuni等。

乌冬面和细面:

做法有汤面(分别有乌冬汤面和细面汤面),炒乌冬面Yakiudon,炒细面Yakisoba。

Soba可以作为细面的总成,但是也可以指荞麦面buckwheat soba。

四、米饭类

丼饭 Donburi
亲子丼Oyakodon(一种包含滑蛋、鸡肉和洋葱的丼饭)
天丼Tendon(炸虾丼)
胜丼Kastsudon(炸猪排丼)
牛丼Gyudon
鳗鱼丼Unadon
炒饭 Chahan

五、其它菜品

寿喜烧 Sukiyaki 
照烧teriyaki
天妇罗(炸虾) shrimp tempura
炸蔬菜 vegetable tempura
炸猪排tonkatsu
水饺 dumpling
味汤噌Miso soup
海草Japanese seaweed salad
日式沙拉上的酱叫做日式红萝卜姜酱Japanese carrot-ginger dressing
炸冰激凌 fried ice cream
麻糬冰激凌mochi ice cream